Acne is a very common condition of the skin that most young people get in early puberty. It is caused by inflammation of the small oil glands (sebaceous glands) that surround the fine hairs on the face and chest. Acne are appearing because of the hormonal changes that come with puberty. In general, for most people acne disappear almost completely by the time they are out of their teens.
Hormonal changes related to pregnancy (different trimesters) or menstrual periods (follicular or luteal phases) can also cause or contribute to acne. In most cases number of acne is reduced during so called follicular period of the cycle.
Special attention should be paid to the environmental irritants such as pollution, intense heat, humidity or cold.
During puberty, the production of male sex hormones (androgens) increases in both girls and boys, which can stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. In some people, the sebaceous glands are extremely sensitive to androgens. These people, mostly men, get pimples so severely that they need medical treatment. Sometimes acne can be a symptom of PCOS.
The increased production of sebum makes the openings of the sebaceous glands narrower, which prevents the sebum from getting out. Meanwhile, the sebum production continues regardless.
Pimples are often caused by Propionebacterium acnes, a common bacterium on the skin that feeds on sebum. This bacterium produces waste products and fatty acids that irritate the sebaceous glands and make them inflamed.
Some people believe in correlation between food and acne. There are a few myths out there about things that cause acne. Acne isn’t caused by eating greasy foods like French fries or pizza, chomping on chocolate, or drinking sodas. But if you noticed correlation between certain type of food and your pimples – better exclude these products from your diet. Some people believe in correlation of pimples and vitamin deficiency.
In general stress doesn’t usually cause pimples either (although it can make existing acne worse because stress increases sebum production). Many people noticed that the tan can temporarily make pimples look less severe, it won’t help it go away permanently — and some people find that the oils their skin produces after being in the sun make their pimples worse. In general, it is very personal how pimples are reacting to different situations and food.
If you wish to prevent pimples – better follow some recommendations made by professionals:
- Wash your face 2-3 times a day with a mild cleanser. Try to wash your skin whenever it becomes sweaty. Do not scrub your face as it will only make your pimples worse;
- It is not recommended to have hairstyles in which the hair is constantly touching your face. Shampoo your hair regularly;
- Don’t touch your pimples. Do not squeeze or pick at the pimples. This makes them worse and may cause scarring;
- Try to avoid exposing your skin to too much cold, heat and sunlight. The tan may improve your acne for a while, but it cannot cure it;
- Try to use water-based cosmetic products. Greasy or oily creams can block the pores and may cause pimples;
- If you notice that spots increase after you eat certain things, it makes sense to avoid them;
- The sensible and varied diet would be recommended. Drink lots of water and exercise regularly. If you feel good, your skin will feel good too;
- Visit your cosmetologist for advice – how your skin should be cared for. Sometimes you could need an additional medication.
Natural remedies for pimples also could be pretty effective.
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