Some females are suffering from spotting which can be very unpleasant and disturbing. Spotting occurs when a small amount of blood passes through the vagina between periods. Sometimes it doesn’t reach the underwear, but is swiped with toilet paper after a bowel movement or urination.
The spots can be pink-tinged mucus, rust brown or bright red.
Spotting can happen once, or it can last for several hours or even several days. It can appear during using pills and also can appear without any medication. Spotting does not define the first day of menstruation, which begins on the first day of full bleeding generally every 28 days.
Brown Spotting after period
Normal spotting may occur following your period. A day or two of spotting after 3 to 5 days of menstruation is normal.
Brown Spotting before period
One common cause of spotting several days before a period is low progesterone. Progesterone helps to maintain the uterine lining for pregnancy, and when progesterone levels drop, the menstrual cycle occurs. Progesterone-deficient women will see spotting several days to a week before their period is due. This can affect fertility and in some cases causes miscarriage.
Brown Spotting ovulation
Spotting in the middle of your cycle, or ten to fourteen days prior to the start of the next cycle, is normal too. This spotting may occur during ovulation. Mid-cycle spotting may occur for several reasons. When the egg bursts through the follicle, some bleeding may occur. Alternatively, during ovulation, levels of estrogen rise and sometimes prompting the uterus to shed a bit of lining, which shows up as spotting.
If your period is late you might get a brown, rather than red, discharge. It could also mean that for whatever reason during your last menses the entire uterine lining failed to make a timely exit. Brown Discharge may happen right after periods, and is just “cleaning out” your vagina. Old blood looks brown. This may occur when you are ovulating in the middle of menstrual cycle.
Brown vaginal discharge can also be a symptom of a medical concern that is much more sinister than leftover endometrial cells. Some of these conditions include Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), menopause, sexually transmitted diseases (gonorrhea, Chlamydia or genital warts) or cervical cancer.
Brown Spotting and vaginal infection
Vaginal infection (yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis) or a sexually transmitted infection (trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, or herpes) can cause your cervix to become irritated or inflamed. An inflamed cervix is particularly prone to spotting after sex or a Pap smear. You may also spot or bleed after sex or a Pap smear if you have a cervical polyp (a benign growth).
Brown Spotting during pills
Break-through bleeding, or bleeding when you are not scheduled to bleed, is very common in the first 6 months of continuous birth control pill use. Your body is getting used to the constant level of hormones. Spotting is when the amount of blood is so tiny that no pad or tampon is needed. The longer you take the continuous pills the less bleeding and spotting will happen. You do not need to stop the pill to have a period because bleeding happens, instead try to figure out what caused the bleeding and keep taking the daily pill if you want to have no bleeding. Stopping the pill only begins the whole process again.
Brown Spotting pregnancy
Up to a quarter of pregnant women have some spotting or bleeding in early pregnancy, and about half of these women miscarry. But if you have an ultrasound that shows a normal heartbeat between 7 and 11 weeks, your chances of continuing the pregnancy are greater than 90 percent.
Spotting or bleeding can be an early sign of miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy, especially if accompanied by abdominal pain or cramping. Bleeding can also signal a molar pregnancy, a relatively rare condition in which abnormalities in the fertilized egg at conception make it impossible for the embryo to develop or survive.)
Brown Implantation spotting
You may have some light spotting for a day or two at about the time when the fertilized egg burrows into the wall of your uterus. This is a process that starts just six to seven days after fertilization, so you wouldn’t even know you were pregnant yet. Spotting that occurs about a week before the cycle is due, and lasts for less than one day, could be implantation spotting, which happens when a fertilized egg burrows into the uterine lining.
Another cause of implantation spotting may be the slight rise in estrogen and drop in progesterone before the corpus luteum takes over the production of progesterone. This happens when the implanted fertilized egg signals the body that pregnancy has occurred and that the lining must be maintained. However, spotting that continues for days is not implantation spotting.
Other cases of Brown vaginal spotting
Uterine fibroids can also cause abnormal spotting. They are often harmless, but should be monitored. Other potential causes are endometriosis and birth control pills. The most dangerous causes of spotting are sexually transmitted diseases and cancer.