Liposuction is a modern cosmetic surgery procedure which can help women to become better shaped and good looking. Every day thousands of women planning liposuction without even knowing all advantages and disadvantages as well as liposuction types.
Different liposuction types can be discussed with your doctor:
Liposuction types – Tumescent liposuction
Tumescent liposuction (fluid injection) is the most common type of liposuction. It involves injecting a large amount of medicated solution into the areas before the fat is removed (sometimes, the solution may be up to three times the volume of fat to be removed). The fluid is a mixture of local anesthetic (lidocaine), a drug that contracts the blood vessels (epinephrine), and an intravenous (IV) salt solution. The lidocaine in the mixture helps to numb the area during and after surgery, and may be the only anesthesia needed for the procedure. The epinephrine in the solution helps reduce the loss of blood, the amount of bruising, and the amount of swelling from the surgery. The IV solution helps remove the fat more easily and it is suctioned out along with the fat. This type of liposuction generally takes longer than other types.
Liposuction types – Liposuction with super-wet technique
The super-wet technique is similar to tumescent liposuction. The difference is that not as much fluid is used during the surgery – in general the amount of fluid injected is equal to the amount of fat to be removed. This technique takes less time; however, it often requires sedation with an IV or general anesthesia.
Liposuction types – Ultrasound-assisted liposuction
Ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL) is a fairly new technique. During this technique, ultrasonic vibrations are used to liquefy fat cells. After the cells are liquefied, they can be vacuumed out. UAL can be done in two ways, external (above the surface of the skin with a special emitter) or internal (below the surface of the skin with a small, heated cannula). This technique may help remove fat from dense, fiber-filled (fibrous) areas of the body such as the upper back or enlarged male breast tissue. UAL is often used together with the tumescent technique, in follow-up (secondary) procedures, or for greater precision. In general, this procedure takes longer than the super-wet technique.
Sometimes liposuction can be performed in outpatient clinic and sometimes it could be performed in surgery centers or hospitals.
Depending on the degree of fat being removed and the type of liposuction being performed, anesthesia varies. It may only be locally applied or you may require a general application in which case the surgery will be done while you are sleeping.
Once the anesthesia has taken effect, the liposuction procedure is performed using a suction device attached to a small, stainless steel instrument called a cannula. Through small incisions, the cannula is inserted into fatty areas between skin and muscle where it removes excess fat either using a suction pump or a large syringe.
After the procedure, the area of the body that was treated is firmly wrapped to help reduce swelling, bruising, and pain. Elastic bandages and tape, support hose (such as those used to treat varicose veins), a special girdle, or another type of firm-fitting garment may be used, depending on which part of the body was treated. You may have to wear the compression garment or wrap for 3 to 4 weeks. Expect a lot of bruising and swelling for at least the first 7 to 10 days.
Fluid may drain from the incision sites for several days. In some cases, you may be given antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.
Most people are able to get up and move around as soon as the treatment is finished and after the effects of the anesthesia and any sedation have worn off. You can return to your normal activities as soon as you feel comfortable, although this may take several days to a few weeks. Most people can return to work within a few days. Recovery may take longer if large areas were treated.
Post liposuction recovery
In most cases the liposuctioned area may appear larger than before surgery because of swelling. After liposuction special bandages are applied to keep pressure on the area and stop any bleeding, as well as to help maintain shape. You must wear a tight stocking, girdle, or snug elastic dressing over the treated area to reduce swelling and bleeding, and to help shrink the skin to fit the new contour. Bandages are usually kept in place for at least 2-3 weeks. Post-operation first visit usually recommended after 5-7 days. Sometimes people gain weight after liposuction. This is due to the increased fluid from surgery.
You may feel sensations such as numbness or tingling, as well as pain, for weeks after the surgery – but it can be managed with medications. Antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent infection. Walk as soon after surgery as possible to help prevent blood clots from forming in your legs. Avoid more strenuous exercise for about a month after the surgery.
You will start to feel better after about 1 or 2 weeks following liposuction surgery.
Liposuction results – temporary or permanent?
During liposuction the fat cells are permanently removed from problematic areas. If you gain weight after liposuction, it usually will not concentrate in the area that was treated. It is important to highlight that liposuction will not prevent you from regaining weight. To keep your new shape and new weight after liposuction, you must follow special low calorie diet and regular exercise plan.
SO, liposuction cannot protect you from future weight gain BUT you can keep post-liposuction weight by keeping diet and exercising regularly – generally speaking by changing your lifestyle.
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