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Vaginal yeast infection

Vaginal yeast infection (vaginal Candidiasis, Vaginal Candida) is pretty common fungal infection. According to health experts, 3 out of 4 women experience vaginal yeast infection during their lifetime. Vaginal yeast infection is caused by Candida albicans but other species of Candida can also cause infection. Usually healthy vagina has different bacteria and some yeast cells and every time when vaginal microbe balance is changed, vaginal candida start multiplication and spread.

Vaginal yeast infection can be very disturbing because of typical symptoms such as intensive vaginal itching, irritation and swelling.

Yeast infection is not considered as sexually transmitted disease but sometimes sexual contact can spread the candida.

Vaginal yeast infection – causes

Main cause of yeast infection in vagina is dis-balance of vaginal bacterial environment. Healthy vagina has Balanced levels of fungus Candida and bacteria. In healthy vagina bacteria Lactobacillus keeps Candida growth in check and creates an environment that does not encourage yeast overgrowth. But some negative factors and several disturbances could make yeast dominant which can lead to yeast multiplication and spread and trigger yeast infection.

Vaginal yeast infection

Vaginal bacterial imbalance can be caused by:

  • Pregnancy,
  • Antibiotics,
  • Badly controlled diabetes,
  • Sugar addiction,
  • Weak immune system,
  • Hormonal dysfunctions or hormonal contraception,
  • Severe stress,
  • Sleep disturbances,
  • Vaginal douching,
  • Recurrent yeast infection.

Vaginal yeast infection – symptoms

  • Vaginal itching,
  • Thick white odorless vaginal discharge (so called “cottage cheese discharge”) or increased watery vaginal discharge,
  • Vaginal burning sensation,
  • Vaginal irritation and inflammation,
  • Vaginal sore,
  • Swelling around the vagina,
  • Vaginal rash,
  • Burning during urination and sexual contacts.

Vaginal yeast infection – diagnosis

Yeast infection can be identified easily after interview, pelvic exam and laboratory tests. Depending on severity, adequate treatment can be suggested by your doctor.

Vaginal yeast infection – prevention

Health experts suggest the following prevention actions:

  • Avoid antibiotics if not necessary;
  • Choose natural breathing cotton underwear;
  • Avoid vaginal douching;
  • Control sugar consumption and control sugar levels in case of diabetes;
  • Avoid tight pants, pantyhose, tights and leggings;
  • Change wet swimming suits as fast as possible;
  • Avoid hot tubs and hot baths;
  • Wash underwear at high temperature;
  • Avoid feminine deodorant or scented tampons or pads;
  • Choose healthy well-balanced diet and include yogurt or supplements with lactobacillus in your daily diet.

Vaginal yeast infection – treatment

Treatment should be provided by your doctor. Self-treatment is not recommended.
Modern medicine offer several effective medications (vaginal and oral) including butoconazole (Gynazole-1), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat 3), terconazole (Terazol 3) and fluconazole (Diflucan).

Effective vaginal treatment includes vaginal creams, ointments, tablets or suppositories for approximately 7-14 days.

In some countries yeast infection home remedies are very popular. Few effective and popular home natural remedies include coconut oil, tea tree oil cream, garlic, boric acid vaginal suppositories and plain yogurt taken orally or inserted into the vagina.

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