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Brown spotting before period

Though, most of women can hardly bear those 4 – 7 days of monthly menstrual bleeding, there are some women who also have additional brown spotting before period which can be a really frustrating situation.

Not all types of brown vaginal spotting before period are considered to be causes of concern for women – sometimes brown spotting before period can be absolutely normal. However, there are cases when brown spotting before period may be caused by some pathological alterations in women reproductive system.

Brown spotting before period – causes

Brown spotting before period connected to menstrual bleeding

In general the menstrual flow consists of several layers, which include old blood, endometrial lining, nutrients, tissue remains, etc. All these layers are discharged together as menstrual bleeding/menstrual flow. Sometimes only the layer of nutrients may be discharged before the actual menstruation – this is causing the brown vaginal spotting before period.

Brown spotting before period caused by uterus and/or cervical polyps

Often polyps can be responsible for brown vaginal spotting before period – cells of polyps can bleed very slowly before period and the brown spotting could be a result of the bleeding from polyps.

Brown spotting before period caused by contraceptive pills

Many women during use of contraceptive pills can experience brown spotting before menstruation – it could be a result of hormonal changes as well as a result of missed pills.

Brown spotting before period  as early symptom of pregnancy

Implantation bleeding and/or implantation brown spotting is an early symptom of pregnancy – it is an indication that the fetus has implanted itself in the uterine endometrial lining. While the fetus burrows itself inside the uterine lining, it leads to rupture of the lining. Actually the implantation process always accompanied with light endometrial bleeding – this causes implantation spotting which is either pink or brown in color.

Brown spotting before period caused by infections

Brown spotting before period

Several sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can trigger brown spotting before period – Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Genital Warts (HPV). Vulvovaginitis and Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases (PID) can also be responsible for brown spotting before period. In most cases during infections women experience not only brown spotting but also some other symptoms like rashes and burning sensations (for genital warts), vomiting (for Chlamydia), lesions of the mouth, pelvic pain (for Gonorrhea), painful urination, pain in the lower abdominal area, and loss of appetite.

Brown spotting before period caused by endometriosis

Endometriosis is the growth of cells similar to those that form the inside of the uterus (endometrial cells), but in a location outside of the uterus. Endometrial cells are the same cells that are shed each month during menstruation – these cells called endometriosis implants. They commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines, and on the surface lining of the pelvic cavity. They can also be found in the vagina, cervix, and bladder, although less commonly than other locations in the pelvis. Endometriosis of vagina and/or cervix can be a reason for brown spotting before and/or after period.


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