Female reproductive system is very sensitive and different life disturbances such as stress, travel, hectic lifestyle can change hormonal fluctuations and show false pregnancy signs. Everybody knows how woman could feel discovering unplanned unwanted pregnancy. And we know how impatiently women expect wanted planned pregnancy (especially after infertility treatments). This is why pregnancy symptoms are very important for women.
Top 5 pregnancy signs – missed period
When you expect your monthly normal menstrual period and it doesn’t come, you feel stressed. Is it pregnancy or menstrual dysfunction? Should you be worried or it is common missed period? During lifetime almost all women experience missed period for a variety of reasons. Many women will go through various menstrual cycle disturbances in their life such as irregular periods, late period, oligomenorrhea or missed period. At the same time, missed period could be the first pregnancy sign.
Whether you are trying to get pregnant or avoiding pregnancy, keeping track of your menstrual cycle and monthly periods is vital. Menstrual Calendar can help to avoid any miscalculations. Main reasons for missed period include two conditions – pregnancy and hormonal dysfunctions triggered by anovulation (absence of normal ovulation), stress, weight change, lack of sleep, night shifts, travel, depression, breastfeeding or eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia).
If you miss your menstrual period for few days, just be patient and check other possible pregnancy signs such as breast tenderness, food cravings, morning sickness or unusual tiredness. Next you can check your basal temperature (see below) or but home pregnancy test.
Top 5 pregnancy signs – implantation bleeding
Top 5 pregnancy signs
For many women first sign of pregnancy could be implantation bleeding – it is unusual short (1-2 days) pinkish or brownish vaginal bleeding or spotting. According to health experts, about 1/3 of pregnant women could experience implantation bleeding.
It is well known that female ovulated egg can be fertilized during 12 hours after ovulation. In healthy women fertilization happens in Fallopian tube, grows and then travels down to uterus. Inside of uterus fertilized egg (already “blastocyst”) choose the most comfortable place and penetrates (implants) into the uterine internal lining. During implantation some small vessels could be damaged and it could cause short unusual vaginal bleeding (so called “implantation bleeding”). Implantation bleeding usually coincided with period of blastocyst penetration (attachment) – on average between 6 to 12 days after ovulation.
Implantation bleeding usually occurs before expected menstrual period – it could look like brown spotting or reddish vaginal discharge or dark short bleeding. Sometimes women could think about unusual short menstrual period and they could miss pregnancy.
Top 5 pregnancy signs – basal temperature
Basal body temperature (BBT) is morning body temperature checked before rising or moving and before waking up. Basal body temperature has very specific pattern during menstrual cycle and very typical character during pregnancy. Thanks to basal body temperature women could clearly identify ovulation day, fertile and not fertile days of menstrual cycle as well as pregnancy.
Basal body temperature can be measured orally, vaginally or rectally. BBT should be measured in the morning as soon as you wake up and before you do anything else (including going to the toilet, checking mobile, having a cup of coffee, discussing morning issues, calling to anybody, etc.). It is recommended to check basal body temperature at approximately the same time each day. BBT can be correct only after minimum 5-6 hours of not interrupted sleep.
In normal menstrual cycle basal temperature stays high after ovulation during 14 days (before expected menstrual period). If you miss your period, check morning basal body temperature during 2-5 days. If you noticed persistent on-going high temperature (37.2 C – 37.4 C), it could be pregnancy (98% possibility for regular menstrual cycles and 48% possibility for irregular periods).
Women could experience breast tenderness during second part of menstrual cycle or during hormonal dysfunctions. During pregnancy women are experiencing increased levels of hormones which could trigger non-stop breast tenderness and sore breasts. Often pregnant women have swollen breasts, unusual sensitivity to touch or tingling.
Breast tenderness can be one of earliest pregnancy signs. It usually starts from 4-5 weeks of pregnancy and lasts through whole first trimester.
During pregnancy breasts go through many changes to prepare for baby nursing:
Breasts grow starts from 6-8 weeks of pregnancy – they get bigger, sometimes become itchy and develop pregnancy stretch marks;
Breast veins become more visible;
Areola changes (areolas get bigger and darker; little bumps appear on areola);
Breasts start leaking (producing so called “colostrums” – the immune-boosting milk).
Top 5 pregnancy signs – unusual feelings
Most pregnant women experience typical unusual feelings which could be different in different women and could be also different during different pregnancies in same person.
If you experience unexpected frequent urination, it could be the result of swelling pregnant uterus which put pressure on bladder and trigger frequent urination. At the same time during pregnancy kidneys and bladder need to process extra body fluids which also cause frequent urination (without pain, without burning sensation).
Morning sickness is a very typical symptom of pregnancy – it can start as early as 1-2 weeks after conception. Health experts correlate pregnancy nausea and vomiting with increased levels of estrogen. Pregnant women are very sensitive to ordinary smells such as perfume, cigarette, food cooking and spices. Nausea could be also triggered by various odors.
Some pregnant women often feel tired and exhausted. On-going fatigue after simple activites can be considered as pregnancy symptom.
Food aversions and cravings
Most pregnant women change their food preferences especially during first trimester of pregnancy when hormonal changes are the most dramatic. If you start hating previously loving foods or if you experience unusual food cravings, you could be pregnant.
Suddenly occurred (without any reasons) constipation can be considered as typical pregnancy sign. According to health experts, increased level of progesterone cause food to pass more slowly through the intestines and it can lead to pregnancy constipation.
Dramatic hormonal changes during pregnancy could cause unusual mood swings, unexpected emotional reactions and weepy episodes. Pregnant woman could feel happy and unhappy at the same time or stressed and depressed or laughing and crying during short period of time.
Implantation bleeding and pregnancy symptoms - QUESTION I had 2 days moderate bleeding during expected implantation period but I don't feel any pregnancy symptoms. My friends told all pregnancy symptoms…
Disclaimer: It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for professional advice. Above mentioned information and recommendations are just general and should be adapted to each person according to personal health indicators and status.