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Genital rash

Genital rash is very specific skin transformation which is characterized as spread of bumps, lesions and/or unusual patches on genital skin. Genital rash is always a subject of worry for women. Generally speaking, rash in genital area is just a symptom of several diseases and it can occurs on any part of women intimate zones.

Genital rashes look like small reddish painful itchy pimples or blisters which could appear as bumps or sores. These pimples could have also normal skin color. Sometimes reddish pimples appear as “joined small islands” triggering discomfort, irritation and pain. Most cases of genital rashes are connected to sexually transmitted infections (commonly herpes simplex virus, syphilis and Human Papillomavirus) but sometimes allergy or skin diseases (dermatitis) could also cause genital rash. Usually genital rashes are accompanied by other symptoms such as vaginal discharge, genital tickling or burning sensations, vaginal itching, abnormal urination (frequent, painful or with burning sensation). Depending on combination of typical symptoms, doctors can identify specific causes.

Genital rash symptoms

As causes of genital rash can be different, all symptoms and combination of symptoms also can be different and variation can be unlimited. Depending on diseases the targeted zones could be limited or expanded – women could have several symptoms in genital zones but symptoms can be also spread to other body systems.

Typical symptoms for cases of affection of genital zones:

Genital rash

  • Genital rashes (sores, bumps, blisters or lesions),
  • Affected skin thickening, irritation or inflammation,
  • Skin color transformations on affected zones (whitish, pink, yellow or red),
  • Colored vaginal discharge (increased volume),
  • Genital/vaginal itching,
  • Genital/vaginal tickling or pain or burning sensation,
  • Painful intercourse,
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination,
  • Ulcers on affected genital area.

Additional symptoms in cases of spread to other body systems:

  • Enlarged lymphatic nodes,
  • Groin ulcers,
  • Fever and weakness,
  • Pelvic pain or abdominal pain,
  • Spread skin rash (hands, feet, underarm, elbow).

To avoid life-threatening health conditions, it is strongly recommended to contact health emergency services in cases of high fever and severe pelvic or abdominal pain.

Genital rash possible causes

  • Herpes simplex virus (sexually transmitted infection),
  • Human Papillomavirus, HPV (sexually transmitted infection),
  • Syphilis (sexually transmitted infection),
  • Granuloma inguinale (sexually transmitted infection),
  • Erythrasma (skin infection of moist skin areas),
  • Molluscum contagiosum (skin infection),
  • Scabies (contagious skin disease),
  • Pubic lice (pubic hair parasitic insects),
  • Yeast infection,
  • Tinea cruris (fungal skin infection),
  • Lichen simplex chronicus (chronic skin condition),
  • Allergies,
  • Atopic dermatitis or eczema,
  • Psoriasis,
  • Chemical substances (irritating lubricants, menstrual hygiene products, douching ingredients, perfumed soaps and creams),
  • Ingrown hairs and after shaving bikini bumps.

Genital rash diagnosis

Genital rash diagnosis includes few steps:

  • Detailed physical examination,
  • Swab testing,
  • Skin scraping or biopsy,
  • Blood tests.

Genital rash prevention

  • Avoid sexually transmitted infections and practice safe sex,
  • Limit number of sexual partners,
  • Avoid known allergens and chemical substances,
  • Follow healthy lifestyle (healthy food, physical activities, no smoking, no drugs).

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