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Ovarian cyst symptoms

Ovarian cysts are common – most common are functional ovarian cysts which appear and disappear during menstrual cycles. Sometimes women could have ovarian cyst which does not depend on hormones and appears to be ovarian tumor which should be removed in most cases. Ovarian cyst is fluid-filled sac that usually forms in one ovary. Ovarian cyst symptoms can be severe and need immediate medical care.

Sometimes ovarian cyst does not produce symptoms – it could be found during routine physical exams. But in many cases ovarian cyst symptoms are obvious – especially if woman has large cyst or ruptured cyst or twisted cyst.

Main ovarian cyst symptoms

In most cases ovarian cyst symptoms appear as the cyst grows. Main ovarian cyst symptoms can be noted during large cysts. Very specific ovarian cyst symptoms appear if they twist, bleed or rupture.

Abdominal discomfort:

  • Abdominal bloating,
  • Swollen tummy,
  • Abdominal fullness,
  • Lower abdominal pressure,
  • Abdominal tenderness,
  • Abdominal distension,
  • Abdominal pain (can be severe, sudden and sharp).

Ovarian cyst symptoms

Pelvic pain:

  • Pelvic pressure and/or fullness,
  • Pelvic pain following physical exercise or intensive physical activities,
  • Pelvic pain (dull or sudden or severe or sharp),
  • Chronic pelvic pain throughout the menstrual cycle.

Menstrual cycle:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles,
  • Heavy long periods,
  • Unexpected abnormal bleeding,
  • Brown spotting or discharge,
  • Algomenorrhea (painful menstrual periods),
  • Sometimes light menstrual periods.


  • Frequent urination,
  • Problems passing urine completely,
  • Pain and/or pressure during urination,
  • Problems with the control of urination.

Back pain:

  • Dull ache in the lower back and thighs,
  • Low back pain.

Sexual contacts:

  • Discomfort during sex,
  • Pain during sexual intercourse (especially with deep penetration).
  • Vaginal pain.

Ovarian cyst vomiting

Gastrointestinal tract:

  • Nausea and/or vomiting,
  • Indigestion,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • Feeling full quickly (after only eating a little),
  • Heartburn,
  • Painful bowel movements,
  • Constipation,
  • Difficulty emptying bowels.

Fertility problems:

  • Infertility,
  • Anovulation,
  • Difficulty getting pregnant.

Other symptoms:

  • Breast tenderness,
  • Weight gain.
Ruptured ovarian cyst usually causes severe sharp pain that comes on suddenly – commonly occurs in the middle of menstrual cycle and often happens following sexual intercourse or intensive physical activities.

Severe ovarian cyst symptoms that require immediate medical care

  • Severe and/or sharp pelvic pain,
  • Unexpected fever,
  • Faintness and/or dizziness,
  • Rapid breathing without any visible reason.
Above mentioned four symptoms can indicate cyst rupture or tumor torsion – both complications can have serious consequences if not treated urgently.

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