Uterine fibroids are the most common benign (non-cancerous) tumors in women – it is actually the growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus. Fibroids sometimes called “leiomyoma” or “leiomyomata” or “myoma” or “fibromyoma”. Shape and location of fibroids can vary greatly. Size and number of fibroids can be different – from few cm to dozens cm and from one to multiple. Sometimes fibroids grow as big as 5-6 months pregnancy.
During different periods of women life fibroids can grow or shrink. Usually after menopause they slowly “disappear” as fast as levels of estrogen went down. During pregnancy fibroids grow dramatically because of the increase in estrogen levels and after delivery fibroids shrink back to their original size.
Uterine fibroids – who can get it
Clear cause of fibroids is not identified but the grow of these tumors depends on levels of estrogens (female hormones). Fibroids are more common after 35-40.
Uterine fibroids – types
Classification of fibroids is based on location:
Myometrial (intramural) fibroids – develop in the muscular wall of the uterus;
Submucosal fibroids – locate under the interior surface of the uterus;
Subserosal fibroids – usually grow on the outside wall of the uterus;
Pedunculated fibroids – typically found outside of the uterus and usually attached to the uterus by a base or stalk.
Uterine fibroids – symptoms
While some fibroids don’t cause any symptoms, their size and location can lead to severe symptoms and problems. Most common symptoms include the following:
Heavy long menstrual periods (sometimes bleeding during periods which could lead to anemia);
Disclaimer: It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for professional advice. Above mentioned information and recommendations are just general and should be adapted to each person according to personal health indicators and status.