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Brown discharge no period

Many women report brown discharge no period at different periods of life. Some women ignore it but majority pay special attention and visit their doctors. It should be highlighted that “brown discharge no period” phenomena is not normal – it can be a symptom of several health conditions or diseases.

Brown discharge instead of regular monthly menstrual period usually appeared at the end of menstrual cycle (during period of expected period). Brown discharge timing is crucial for proper diagnosis. In all cases brown color of vaginal discharge is the indicator of old oxidized blood (remains of uterine lining shedding).

Brown discharge instead of period could occur during stress, early pregnancy, hormonal dysfunctions, perimenopause or menopause, dramatic weight changes, general diseases and more.

Brown discharge no period – late period (5-6% cases)

In many cases women experience brown discharge without period when menstrual period is late for several reasons. Brown vaginal discharge before late period means uterine cleansing from old shedding (remains from last period). Brown discharge during expected menstrual period time represents old oxidized menstrual blood from uterus which expelled from the body at later time. Sometimes when uterine lining is not eliminated, the residual can remain within the uterus for almost a month and expelled later.

Brown discharge no period – hormonal disturbances (25% cases)

Certain hormonal disturbances can change normal hormonal rhythm of menstrual cycle. In most cases of anovulatory cycles (without ovulation) women could experience brown discharge no period. It is explained by reduced levels of female hormones which cannot develop properly internal uterine lining (making it thin and fragile). Insufficiently developed uterine lining is not able to provide normal regula monthly menstrual bleeding but instead body expel old shedding and old oxidized blood. Following hormonal dysfunctions can be responsible:

  • Polycystic Ovarian Diseases (PCOS),
  • Ovarian premature failure,
  • Endometriosis,
  • Hyperprolactinemia,
  • Thyroid diseases (thyroid imbalance),
  • Adrenogenital syndrome,
  • Addison disease,
  • Cushing’s syndrome.

Brown discharge no period – pregnancy – implantation bleeding (20-30% of cases)

Brown discharge no period

Sometimes brown discharge instead of menstrual period could be early sign of pregnancy. This type of brown bleeding called “implantation bleeding”. This happens when mature egg is fertilized and travels through Fallopian tube up to uterus (developing into an embryo). Usually implantation bleeding happens 6-12 days after ovulation. In cases of normal menstrual period, it happens after 14-15 days after ovulation. Duration of implantation bleeding is very short – maximum up to 3 days. Often implantation bleeding occurs few days earlier than regular menstrual period and it is not accompanied by cramps. Instead, women could have morning sickness, strange smells, taste disturbances, breast tenderness and nausea.

Brown discharge no period – hormonal contraception (10-15% of cases)

Any hormonal contraception which inhibits normal natural cyclic hormonal fluctuations can trigger brown discharge instead of menstrual period. Usually hormonal contraception contains synthetic hormones which compete with women hormones. Hormonal contraception eliminates ovulation and reduces levels of natural female hormones. Decreased levels of female hormones cannot insure cyclic adequate uterine lining development. Instead, uterine lining becomes thin and immature. This kind of thin internal uterine lining is able to provide only brown discharge instead of normal regular monthly menstrual bleeding.

Often “brown discharge no period” phenomena appear during use of birth control pills. Progestine component of pills changes uterine lining and could cause brown discharge instead of period.

Brown discharge no period – menopause (8-10% of cases)

Menopause is naturally occurring stage of women life which means the cessation of menstrual periods. Menopause is defined as absence of menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months. Typical age of menopause is 45-55 (depending on genetic factors and family history. During menopause female reproductive system changes resulting in discontinuation of estrogen production. Reduced levels of estrogen are responsible for brown discharge instead of period accompanied with typical menopause symptoms such as hot flashes, mood swings, weight gain, vaginal dryness, etc.

Brown discharge no period – general diseases (5-6% of cases)

Certain chronic general diseases and health conditions could stop menstrual periods and trigger brown discharge no period:

  • Severe not compensated diabetes,
  • Malignant cancerous transformations (all types of cancer),
  • Exhausting chronic anemia, renal and liver insufficiency,
  • Ischemic heart disease,
  • Certain infections (tuberculosis, rheumatism, Chlamydia, gonorrhea or syphilis),
  • Psychiatric disorders (combined with powerful medications).

Brown discharge no period – other causes (1-3% of cases)

  • Severe psychological or physical (including surgical interventions) stress,
  • Dramatic weight changes (including anorexia),
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID),
  • Dramatic climate changes (from south to north or opposite).

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