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Inflammation in the vaginal mucous membrane called colpitis or vaginitis. It is one of the most widespread diseases in women. Several factors have an impact on the vagina and contribute to the penetration of bacteria, fungi and protozoa into the vaginal mucous membrane.

Colpitis – causes

It should be highlighted that normal vaginal flora serves as a barrier between pathogenic microbes and a healthy mucous. Normal healthy acidic vaginal environment is able to kill most of dangerous bacteria. But if vaginal flora balance is disrupted by different factors, bacteria can easily enter the mucous and trigger colpitis.

Causes of vaginal inflammation:

  • Infections (most common) – trichomoniasis, yeast infection, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, streptococci, mycoplasma, staphylococcus
  • Vaginal objects – tampons, condoms, vaginal diaphragm, NuvaRing, vaginal douche, vaginal lubricants and vaginal deodorants or sprays;
  • Vaginal trauma – different types of trauma.

Colpitis – risk factors


  • Weaken immune system;
  • Vaginal environment – change from alcalin to acidic;
  • Vaginal suppositories and creams;
  • Lack of intimate hygiene;
  • Allergy;
  • General infectious diseases;
  • Endocrine disturbances.

Colpitis – predisposing factors

  • Multiple sexual partners and unprotected sexual relation;
  • Vaginal congenital anomalies;
  • Metabolic diseases – diabetes, hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease;
  • Immunodeficiency – HIV/AIDS, radiation, chemotherapy;
  • Improper intimate hygiene;
  • Regular use of chemicals – allergic soaps, intimate perfume, chemical hygiene products;
  • Hormonal dysfunctions – disturbing natural vaginal lubricant production by local glands;
  • Long-term antibacterial or hormonal treatments.

Colpitis – symptoms

  • Vaginal discharge;
  • Vaginal odor;
  • Vaginal itching;
  • Pain in the lower abdomen;
  • Pain during sexual contacts;
  • Vaginal redness (velvety appearance);
  • Frequent urination and burning sensation during urination.

Colpitis – types

Atrophic colpitis

Typical for women during menopause – it is caused by the lack of female hormones (mainly estrogen). Common symptoms include vaginal dryness, watery or brown vaginal discharge, vaginal pain sensation and vaginal redness.


Common among sexually active women. Vaginal inflammation is triggered by trichomoniasis (one of sexually transmitted infections). Common symptoms include white/greenish vaginal discharge, specific vaginal fishy smell, vaginal itching or burning, vaginal redness with increased temperature, painful urination and pain during sex.

Yeast infection

Pretty common type of vaginitis – caused by yeast Candida albicans. Common symptoms include very typical cottage cheese-like white vaginal discharge, intensive vaginal itching and burning sensations, troubled urination (frequent with pain and burning sensation).

Bacterial vaginitis

Caused by different bacteria. Common symptoms include unusual changed vaginal discharge, vaginal discomfort and sometimes vaginal itching.


Adequate treatment should be organized by your doctor after proper diagnostic measurement.

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