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Endometriosis brown discharge

Endometriosis usually affects women health during reproductive period of life. It is the second most common gynecological disorder found in women. Endometriosis occurs when endometrium (internal uterine lining) starts growing in other organs outside the uterus – when endometrial tissue implants in other areas of the body outside of uterus. Endometrial cells are the same cells that are shed each month during regular monthly menstruation. Cells of endometriosis attach themselves to tissue outside the uterus and are called “endometriosis implants”. Endometrial implants are benign (not cancerous). Abnormal endometrial implants commonly found on ovaries, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines, on Fallopian tubes, on ligaments supporting uterus, between uterus and bowel and on the surface lining of the pelvic cavity. They can also be found in vagina, cervix and bladder (less commonly). Rarely, endometriosis implants can be found in areas further away from the pelvic area – on liver, in old surgery scars, in or around the lung, in kidney or brain. Endometriosis implants/lesions usually respond to the hormone cycle and shed blood every month during menstrual periods, triggering several symptoms including discomfort, pain, brown discharge, infertility, etc. Endometriosis brown discharge is the most common sign of disease.

In most cases the brown vaginal discharge is associated with menstrual period, old (oxidized) menstrual blood and endometrial tissues. Brown discharge could appear when menstrual blood has taken longer than usual to exit reproductive organs (uterus, cervix and vagina). Brown vaginal discharge can also be just simple natural vaginal self-cleaning. But endometriosis brown discharge combined with pelvic pain (light or severe) can be a typical symptom of endometriosis.

Endometriosis brown discharge and cramps

In many cases women with endometriosis don’t experience any symptoms. But for most cases endometriosis brown discharge combined with pelvic cramps is common and typical. Brown discharge could appear before or after menstrual period – in all cases it correlated with hormonal fluctuations and endometrial shedding. Pelvic pain usually occurs during or just before menstruation and lessens after menstruation. Some women experience pain or cramping during/after intercourse, bowel movements and/or urination.

Endometriosis brown discharge

Endometriosis brown discharge and cramps intensity can change from month to month and vary greatly among women. Some women experience progressive worsening of symptoms, while others can have resolution of pain without treatment. As main causes of endometriosis are not known, the severity of symptoms also cannot be clearly explained.

Severity of endometriosis brown discharge and pelvic cramps in women depend partly on where the lesions of endometriosis are located – usually deeper implants and lesions in areas with many pain-sensitive nerves could be more likely to produce severe symptoms.

Endometriosis brown discharge and other symptoms

Endometriosis symptoms may vary widely between women – some women suffer from several disturbing symptoms (mild, moderate or severe) and some women notice only brown discharge before and after menstrual periods.

Some women remain unaffected by endometriosis (especially at early stages). Others could suffer severe pain and discomfort. According to health experts, endometriosis symptoms seem to worsen with time, although cycles of remission and recurrence are the pattern in some cases.

Ectopic endometriosis implants (atypical endometrial tissue) growth respond to monthly hormonal fluctuations in the same way as uterus internal lining. Each month the tissue builds up, breaks down and then sheds. In healthy women during menstrual period the detached (shed) tissue and blood are able to come out through cervix and vagina. During endometriosis the bleeding from ectopic endometrial implants becomes trapped in pelvic cavity or in bladder or around intestines. This results in internal bleeding, inflammation, formation of scar tissue and formation of blood-containing cysts. Endometriosis lesions can spread to new areas. After each next menstruation this endometriosis implants expand and cause more pain and more brown discharge.

Typical endometriosis symptoms include the following:

Endometriosis brown discharge combined with cramps

  • Painful menstrual periods,
  • Irregular pelvic pain,
  • Constant back pain,
  • Painful ovulation,
  • Pain during or after sexual intercourse (dyspareunia),
  • Female infertility,
  • Menstrual dysfunctions (heavy or irregular bleeding),
  • Premenstrual syndrome,
  • Bowel disturbances,
  • Constipation and/or diarrhea,
  • Swollen abdomen,
  • Pain during urination (rarely burning sensation),
  • Low mood, mood swings or depression,
  • Sleeping disorders (insomnia),
  • Constant fatigue and tiredness.

It should be mentioned that the degree of symptoms and combination of symptoms doesn’t always correlate with the severity of the disease. Often visible symptoms depend on location of endometriosis implants.


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