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What is Endometriosis?


I am married already 3 years. My husband is absolutely healthy and his sperm test is perfect. During 1-2 years doctors could not find any reason for infertility but after laparoscopy they discovered ENDOMETRIOSIS. What is endometriosis?

ANSWER from experts

Women health is very important for reproductive system. But sometimes you could be generally very healthy but local endometriosis could be a cause for infertility.

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is the growth of cells similar to those that form the inside of the uterus (endometrial cells), but in a location outside of the uterus. Endometrial cells are the same cells that are shed each month during menstruation. The cells of endometriosis attach themselves to tissue outside the uterus and are called endometriosis implants.

These implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines, and on the surface lining of the pelvic cavity.

They can also be found in the vagina, cervix, and bladder, although less commonly than other locations in the pelvis. Rarely, endometriosis implants can occur outside the pelvis, on the liver, in old surgery scars, and even in or around the lung or brain. Endometrial implants, while they can cause problems, are benign (not cancerous).


You are more likely to develop endometriosis if you:

* began getting your period at an early age

* have heavy periods

* have periods that last more than seven days

* have a short monthly cycle (27 days or less)

* have a close relative (mother, aunt, sister) with endometriosis

Some studies suggest that you may lower your chances of developing endometriosis if you exercise regularly and avoid alcohol and caffeine.


Endometriosis and pain

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