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Freckles – types and causes

Skin freckles (especially on the face) sometimes could be a problem for girls and women. Usually freckles appear very early – in childhood (before puberty). If women skin is exposed to sun, freckles could increase in numbers and in sizes.

Skin freckles are thought to develop as a result of a combination of genetic tendency (inheritance) and sun exposure. If you observe few women receiving the same sun exposure, you could see that they did not have equal chances of developing freckles. Some women could just enjoy the beautiful skin tan and others could suffer from numbers of freckles.

Is freckles skin disease or just skin pigmentation?


Apparently they are just pigmented skin cells which appeared mostly in women with fair skin. In most cases freckles could be inherited and you could find several members of the same family with freckles.

Freckles are small tan spots or light brown spots on sun-exposed skin which contain more melanin than any other skin cells. Some people consider it as a “skin defect” but most experts consider them not harmful and not dangerous. In most cases they are just a cosmetic problem for women who want to look beautiful.

Freckles are caused due to sun rays penetrating inside of skin cells which genetically have increased sensitivity to sun exposure. It is well known that ultraviolet rays trigger excessive production of melanin in skin cells and increased melanin changes the color of certain skin cells making them darker. In healthy normal skin melanin protects the skin from sun radiations and this is why women with darker skin have reduced amount of melanin. Women with fair skin need better protection and this is why they have increased amount of melanin.

The typical size of freckles (tanned circular spots) is close to the size of the head of a common nail. Usually they are multiple spots which can appear randomly on the skin – most often after repeated exposure to sunlight.

In most cases freckles have same color in each person. They could have different colors (but always dark spots) in different women – they could be reddish, brown, tan, light brown, yellow or even black but they are basically always darker than the surrounding healthy skin.

Actually melanin protects skin cells from damage caused by reflection and absorption of ultraviolet rays. Sunlight and ultraviolet rays could be a cause of freckles instead of expected suntan. In many cases they could disappear during winter time and return in the summer.

Most common locations of freckle are on nose and cheeks. Some women could have intensive skin pigmentation on the breast, arms, shoulders or any other body places which are exposed to sunlight.

In most cases they are just very small tan spots which could be spread on the face and/or body sporadically. But sometimes skin pigmentation could be grouped together to cover larger portion of the skin. Rare skin pigmentation could develop kind of small dark “islands” on the skin.

Women with blond or reddish hair and green or light-colored eyes and fair skin are considered as a risk group for skin pigmentation because women with mentioned characteristics have highest frequency of skin pigmentation (just a statistics!).

Skin pigmentations themselves are harmless but rarely they can hide skin cancer or they can transform into skin cancer. Sometimes they can be confused with moles or with more serious skin problems. This is why any changes in your skin pigmentation should not be ignored and should be discussed with your doctor.

Freckles types

Skin experts recognize two types of skin freckles – simple freckles and sunburn skin pigmentation. Simple skin pigmentation (sometime called “True freckles”) look like small, flat, tan or light brown, round spots on the skin and their size look like a common nail head. Sunburn skin pigmentations are usually darker (dark brown or even black), could have irregular jagged borders or irregular form, and could be larger than a pencil eraser. Common locations for simple skin pigmentation are nose and cheeks but common locations for sunburn skin pigmentation are upper back and shoulders where women frequently get their most severe sunburns.

Simple skin pigmentations are absolutely harmless and they are not cancerous and generally do not become cancerous. Some experts consider sunburn as a risk group for skin cancer.

Natural remedies can be the best safe solution for all types of skin pigmentation – see on next page.

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