Every woman should know her hair type because based on it you can choose the best hairstyle, best hair care products, best haircuts and best coloring method. Hair type involves different qualities including density, texture, dryness, porosity, elasticity and curl pattern. Do you know how to check your hair type? Actually it is not difficult. Just look in properly lighted mirror, part your hair in the middle, pin one side of hair keeping it out of your observations and try to see roots of your hair.
How to check your hair type – density
Hair density means how many strands cover your head. Looking at your scalp and hair roots you can identify thickness of your strands and how much your scalp is visible. This is how you can get a sense of how dense your hair is by how much skin you can see.
Thin density means your scalp is easily visible because of thin hairs;
Medium density means you can see some parts of scalp because other parts are covered with medium density hairs;
Thick density means you cannot see much scalp because all scalp is covered by thick hairs.
Don’t be surprised if you discover different hair density on different parts of your scalp. Sometimes it is happening – triggered by genetic factors or environmental indicators or medication or hormonal levels or local scalp skin sensitivity or skin diseases.
How to check your hair type – texture
For determining your hair texture you need to wash your hair with ordinary (habitual) shampoo and conditioner. Next, rinse your hair clean of shampoo and conditioner, dry a little bit your hair with towel and let your hair air dry. If you use hair dryer, results of your test will be wrong. For checking your hair texture your hair should be clean and dry.
Cut 15-20 cm of ordinary sewing thread and pull out a strand of your dry hair. Place both (thread and hair strand) side-by-side on white paper and compare them.
If your hair strand’s thickness is thinner than the sewing thread, it means you have thin hair texture.
If your hair strand look very similar to the sewing thread (same thickness), it means you have medium hair texture.
If your hair strand is thicker than selected sewing thread, it means you have thick hair texture.
How to check your hair type – dry or oily
How to check your hair type
For determining your hair oil level, you also need to wash your hairs with ordinary (habitual) shampoo and conditioner. Next, rinse your hair clean of shampoo and conditioner, dry a little bit your hair with towel and let your hair air dry. During following 8-12 hours your head skin (sebaceous glands) will produce oil (so called “sebum”) which will lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair. You can wash your hair in the evening and check after 8-12 hours in the morning by pressing a tissue to your scalp at the crown of your head (just a gentle press without rubbing). Press also the tissue against your head behind your ears.
If there is oil residue on the tissue, it means you have oily hair.
If there is nothing at all on the tissue, it means you have dry hair.
If there was no oil from one spot, but a lot of oil from another spot on your scalp, it means you have combination hair.
How to check your hair type – curls
For determining hair curl pattern you again need to wash your hairs as it was described above.
According to Andre Walker hair typing system, there are four types of hair – straight, wavy, curly and kinky (coily).
Straight hair – this hair type is considered stubborn (difficult to curl) and difficult to damage because it is the most resilient type.
Wavy hair – it is type between straight and curly; wavy hair can get frizzy easily.
Curly hair – looking like “S” or “Z”; it has volume and fullness that requests the consistent care; pretty vulnerable (can be damaged even during climate changes).
Kinky (coily) hair – it is the outrageously curly hair that is hard to tame; very fragile.
Andre Walker hair typing system
According to Andre Walker hair typing system, women could have also few sub-types which can be seen on picture above.
How to check your hair type – elasticity
For determining your hair elasticity you need to pull out a strand of dry hair (full strand).
Stretch the strand of hair (gently); hold the strand of hair on both ends and pull.
If you can stretch the strand a long way before it breaks, it means your hair has high elasticity (strong hair).
If you can stretch the strand somewhat before it snaps, it means your hair has medium elasticity.
If the strand breaks almost immediately when stretching it, it means your hair has low elasticity (not strong).
Disclaimer: It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for professional advice. Above mentioned information and recommendations are just general and should be adapted to each person according to personal health indicators and status.