Intensive sun exposure during summer season and in sunny areas can trigger several health problems including skin damages. Women with lighter skin tone, specifically redheads, are most susceptible to sun’s ultraviolet radiation. This is because their body has not had a chance to produce melanin, the pigment that absorbs UV light and darkens skin (tans) to form a protective layer. Every woman should know sun exposure skin symptoms.
Sun exposure skin symptoms – Skin dryness
After intensive and/or long unprotected sun exposure skin appears dry and flaky; sometimes you can observe more visible fine lines and/or wrinkles on open areas of the skin compared with skin covered by swimming suite or clothes. Itching could be another signal of dry skin after sun exposure.
Sun exposure skin symptoms – Sunburn
Sun exposure skin symptoms
Sunburn is a common condition after unprotected sun exposure. Usually burned skin appears red or reddish, it cause pain and discomfort. In most cases you can see clear boundary lines between burned and healthy skin – lines showing where the skin has been protected from the sun by shirt sleeves, shorts, swimming suits or other clothes. Severe cases of sunburn usually produce very painful fluid-filled bumps and blisters. Women with sunburn could suffer also from nausea and dizziness.
Sun exposure skin symptoms – Actinic keratosis
Actinic keratosis is very specific type of skin damage developed because of unprotected sun exposure. Actiric keratosis appears as a small bump or rough spot that feels like sandpaper. Color of actiric keratosis could be different in different cases and in different people – it could be red, pink, yellow, brown or brownish. Size of actiric keratosis is usually small – like pimple or rough spot. Sometimes it could be itching and/or tender.
Sun exposure skin symptoms – Long-term skin changes
Main long-term skin changes could be discovered by professionals – it is changes in skin collagen which could be discovered in special laboratories. Symptoms of collagen changes in the skin include fine lines, deeper wrinkles, thickened skin texture and easy bruising on sun-exposed areas.
In many cases damaged skin symptoms after sun exposure could disappear after few days but some sun damage could be permanent and would need special attention.
How prevent skin damage from sun exposure
Use always sunscreen daily. Remember that even on cloudy days sun’s UV rays can reach you unprotected skin.
Avoid UV exposure on certain time of the day – limit your time outdoors when the sun is at its peak (between the hours of 10am and 4pm).
Apply sun protection cream or other products on all exposed areas of the skin at least 20-25 minutes before exposure.
During summer at seaside reapply sun protection products often after swimming or sweating.
Wear special tightly clothes during sunny exposure – wear tightly woven fabrics made from polyester or nylon; or wear tightly woven cotton blends. These cloths will insure maximum protection of your skin from UV exposure.
Be aware that some medications and skin care products could increase the negative effect of UV exposure on your skin (some antibiotics, medications for high blood pressure, heart failure, acne and allergies, some drugs for psychiatric diseases). Read detailed instructions or speak with your doctor.
Disclaimer: It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for professional advice. Above mentioned information and recommendations are just general and should be adapted to each person according to personal health indicators and status.