Sometimes women experience dark brown discharge instead of period. Why women could have dark brown discharge instead of period?
Dark brown discharge is a symptom of “old blood” and/or old uterine lining which did not left the uterus at right time (during regular menstrual period). Often the dark brown discharge is just remains of delayed period – most often associated with old endometrial tissues (remains of last period).
When women get late period or following period with old cellular lining actually removed together with other blood cellular material, they can experience the dark brown discharge instead of period. Brown discharge is normally just “old blood” that has been oxidized and left uterus and/or vagina late or later.
Sometimes dark brown discharge could be a symptom of the damages (by infection or other diseases) of endometrial cells; or a symptom of endometrial changes because of hormonal dysfunctions; or a symptom of pregnancy; etc., etc.
There are only few causes of dark brown discharge which should be considered as a serious – cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and sexually transmitted diseases.
Dark brown discharge instead of period could be a symptom of several health conditions and/or diseases:
Dark Brown discharge instead of period – implantation bleeding
Dark Brown discharge
Dark brown discharge instead of period could be early signal of pregnancy – so called “implantation bleeding”. After the fertilization occurs the fertilized egg or zygote travels down the Fallopian tube to the uterus – during this journey the cell division takes place and the zygote develops into an embryo. The embryo burrows into the uterine lining (so called “endometrium”) which results in dark brown discharge instead of period. You can easily tell implantation bleeding from a normal period, as it is far lighter than a normal period and does not last for more than a couple of days. Implantation bleeding occurs 6 to 12 days after fertilization. If you have been tracking your ovulation time, implantation bleeding should occur a week before your due period. This dark brown discharge instead of period could be an early signal/symptom of pregnancy.
Dark Brown discharge instead of period – late period
In many cases the dark brown discharge instead of period could happen during late periods – actually the female body expels “old” oxidized uterine lining as late menstrual flow. You may only get it for a couple of days after which you may have your normal period. Sometimes, you may get this discharge for a day or two, then nothing, followed by your normal period.
Dark Brown discharge instead of period – birth control pills
Birth control pills are most popular contraception pills used by girls and women in many countries. In many cases birth control pills are used not for contraception but also for treatment of acne, irregular menstrual cycles, ovarian cysts, etc.
Birth control pills are synthetic forms of the hormones progesterone and estrogen taken by women to prevent pregnancy. These hormones (progesterone and estrogen) work to inhibit the body’s natural cyclical hormones to prevent pregnancy. Pregnancy is prevented by a combination of factors. Birth control pills usually stop the body from releasing an egg from the ovary. The birth control pill prevents ovulation by maintaining more consistent hormone levels. Without a peak in estrogen, the ovary doesn’t get the signal to release an egg, which eliminates the possibility of fertilization and pregnancy. The hormones in the pills prevent pregnancy by suppressing your pituitary gland, which stops the development and release of the egg in the ovary (ovulation). They also change the cervical mucus to make it difficult for the sperm to find an egg. Birth control pills can also prevent pregnancy by making the lining of the womb inhospitable for implantation. The progestin component of pills helps to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg and changes the lining of the uterus.
As Birth Control Pills always suppress female hormones, they could be responsible for dark brown discharge instead of period (rare side effect – super-suppression by pills).
Dark Brown discharge instead of period – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious infection in the upper genital tract which called female reproductive organs (uterus, Fallopian tubes and ovaries). PID can be sexually transmitted or naturally occurring. In most cases PID is caused by a type of bacteria, often the same type that is responsible for several sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. In some cases, PID develops from bacteria that have traveled through the vagina and the cervix by way of an intrauterine device (IUD.
PID can affect the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and/or the ovaries. It can lead to pelvic adhesion and scar tissue that develops between internal organs, causing ongoing pelvic pain and the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy. PID could be a reason of dark brown discharge instead of period, infertility (untreated cases). In fact, PID is currently the leading cause of female infertility. If left untreated, PID can also lead to chronic infection and chronic dark brown discharge instead of period.
Dark Brown discharge instead of period – perimenopause or menopause
Perimenopause is a naturally occurring transition period of women life which is happening before menopause – it is the time when your body begins its transition into menopause. Perimenopause is the stage of women’s reproductive life that begins several years before menopause, when the ovaries gradually begin to produce less estrogens. It usually starts in women’s 40s, but can start in women’s 30s.
Perimenopause is a transitional stage of 2-11 years before complete cessation of the menstrual period. Perimenopause develops when women’s reproductive system begins slowing down, resulting in decreased production of hormones (mainly estrogens and progesterone). Perimenopause is the interval in which women’s body makes a natural shift from regular menstrual cycles and regular monthly ovulations to irregular menstrual cycles, anovulation and natural permanent infertility.
In general, dark brown discharge instead of period is common symptom for starting perimenopause. In early perimenopause women could also experience menopause-like symptoms, such as hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, sleep disruption, vaginal dryness, and a lot of confusion. Perimenopause symptoms including dark brown discharge occur as estrogen levels continue to drop leading up to menopause.
Disclaimer: It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for professional advice. Above mentioned information and recommendations are just general and should be adapted to each person according to personal health indicators and status.