Human Demodex are tiny mites that live in the hair follicle – mainly on face skin (forehead, cheeks, sides of the nose, eyelashes and external ear canals). Demodex mites are not visible and in normal concentrations never create any skin problems. But if for any reason Demodex mites proliferated (multiplied), they could cause a lot of skin problems. Demodex treatment can be pretty complicated.
Different health situations could trigger Demodex mites proliferation (mainly changes in immune system) but women could always reduce chances of the mites proliferation by avoiding oil-based cleansers and greasy cosmetic products, by exfoliating face skin and removing regularly dead skin cells and by cleansing face skin 1-2 times a day (preferably with non-soap products).
It is not easy to rid of Demodex mites which trigger skin problems. Treatment should be long-term and persistent. Nowadays there is not any priority method for Demodex treatment – usually different dermatological school use different approaches. Scientists discovered that Demodex mites can be killed by different types of oil and alcohol. For example, Demodex mites could be kills by 100% tea tree oil during 4 minutes and by 50% tea tree oil during 15 minutes. Demodex mites could be illuminated during 4 minutes by 100% alcohol or by 100% caraway oil and only during 14 minutes by 100% dill weed oil. Some medical studies have also confirmed that ether, xylol, benzene, so called “Danish ointment” can kill Demodex mites during few minutes.
Whatever method is chosen for Demodex treatment, it is important to remember that Demodex mites have a life cycle of 14-18 days.
In all cases that Demodex treatment should be selected individually – different in different women depending on clinical symptoms, skin type and sensitivity, status of immune system and other health indicators.
Demodex treatment methods
In general Demodex treatment is complicated and long. All Demodex treatment methods should be organized and monitored by qualified specialists. Duration of treatment could be 6-12 month and in some cases few years. Demodex treatment in old women could be long non-stop.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea Tree Oil is a product from the Melaluca tree which is native to Eastern Australia. Scientists discovered that Tea Tree Oil has the ability to kill Demodex mites during 4-5 minutes.
It is important to know that external application of undiluted tea tree oil could develop serious toxic reactions. Treatment with Tea Tree Oil should be organized by specialists and under the control of experts.
Australian scientists use 50% Tea Tree Oil and Tea Tree Oil Shampoo for Demodex mites elimination. Study demonstrated high effectiveness of Tea Tree Oil in Demodex treatment after 6 weeks.
As Tea Tree Oil is not soluble in water, it is used with certain proportion of alcohol.
Easiest way is use of Tea Tree Oil shampoo for hair and eye lashes every day. Tea Tree Oily soap also can be used every day for hygienic procedures.
Bedding and make-up hygiene
Special bedding hygiene could prevent Demodex activities. The most important is to get rid of Demodex mites from your sleep place (especially from your pillow).
Pillowcases should be changed regularly – every day or every second day. Pillows should be properly washed with concentrated powder (full cap) and 10-15 drops of tea tree oil in washing machine. Both pillowcases and pillow should be washes in hot water as hot water usually kills Demodex mites. Pillowcases should be properly ironed from both sides. Bed sheets also should be washed and ironed regularly – every 3-5 days.
Using same make-ups every day with same pads also could trigger Demodex mites’ proliferation and propagation. In old cosmetic products were discovered Demodex mites. Experts recommend not using same make-ups longer than 1-2 weeks.
Medical experts usually use topical insecticides for demodex treatment such as Crotamiton cream, Metronidazole gel or Permethrin cream. But this treatment should be done by experts who recognize the temporary effectiveness of mentioned methods.
In some cases of Demodex skin damages the rotenone-based insecticide ointment treatments could be recommended. It is also important to wash all clothing and bedding in order to rid these items of the mites.
Ivermectin (Stromectol, Mectizan, Ivomec, Oramec, Cardomec) is another type of treatment which sometimes can be used for Demodex mites elimination. Ivermectin is used in dermatology against some parasitic infestations. Unfortunately treatment with this drug is also short-term and cannot be considered as effective.
Permethrin (Elimite Cream) also sometimes can be used for Demodex clients. This medicine originaly was used for treatment from scabies.
Various treatments have been used to control Demodex mites and most treatments involve spreading an ointment at the base of the eyelashes at night to trap mites as they emerge from their burrow and/or move from one follicle to another. Mercury oxide 1% ointment is the example which is frequently used in Demodex cases.
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Disclaimer: It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for professional advice. Above mentioned information and recommendations are just general and should be adapted to each person according to personal health indicators and status.