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Liposuction risks and complications

Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery used by millions of women for removing the useless unpleasant fat from the body trying to change female body shapes. Liposuction is an invasive procedure which can improve your body contour by removing areas of fat that have been resistant to intensive diets and regular exercises. More and more women use liposuction for improving body shapes and becoming more beautiful. It is important to know that liposuction can just remove some fat but it is not intended to significantly reduce weight, cellulite or sagging and aging skin. Women should pay very special attention to liposuction risks and complications.

Liposuction risks depend very much on health condition and client diseases and following conditions should be checked before planning liposuction procedures:

  • High blood pressure;
  • Diabetes (any type);
  • History of heart problems;
  • Different types of allergy including allergy to specific medications;
  • Pulmonary problems (shortness of breath, air pockets in bloodstream);
  • Smoking, alcohol and/or drug abuse.

In general liposuction performed by an experienced doctor in a properly equipped facility is safe but there are some risks which should be discussed before making final decision. Usually risks are increased if liposuction covers large area and/or many areas. Risks correlated to liposuction include:

Liposuction risks and complications

  • Post-operation swelling, bruising, soreness, and numbness in and around the treated areas;
  • Post-operation scarring and/or irritation (around the incision sites, skin surface may be irregular, asymmetric, or even “baggy,” especially in older people);
  • Shock (usually when not enough fluid is replaced during the surgery);
  • Fluid overload (usually from the procedure);
  • Infections;
  • Bleeding and/or blood clot;
  • Fat embolism – when tiny globules of fat moved to the bloodstream block blood flow (very dangerous!);
  • Nerve, skin, tissue, or organ damage or burns from the heat or instruments used in liposuction;
  • Permanent color changes in the skin;
  • Asymmetric fat removal (technical and/or qualification problems);
  • Drug over-reactions and/or overdose from the lidocaine used during liposuction.

Although death is very rare with liposuction, it can happen. If you are having a large amount of fat removed, are obese, or have health problems, your risks go up.
Special attention should be paid to:

  • Your health indicators;
  • Excessive blood and fluid loss, leading to shock;
  • Fat clots or blood clots, which may travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism) and become life-threatening;
  • Pulmonary edema (buildup of fluid in the lungs) – most likely to occur when a large volume of fluid is injected into the body;
  • Post-operation infections;
  • Toxic reaction to the injected solution (lidocaine toxicity), especially if large areas or many areas are treated at one time;
  • A puncture into the cavity containing the abdominal organs or damage to an organ such as the spleen.

Liposuction procedure

Liposuction should not be done in people who have severe heart problems, blood-clotting disorders or during pregnancy.

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