Liposuction is the removal of excess body fat by suction using special surgical equipment – it is very popular type of cosmetic surgery. Sometimes liposuction called lipoplasty. During liposuction, small, thin, blunt-tipped tubes (cannula) are inserted through tiny cuts in the skin. Fat is suctioned out through these tubes as the doctor moves the tubes around under the skin to target specific fat deposits.
In general liposuction removes unwanted deposits of excess fat. Liposuction improves body appearance and distorted body shapes, improving your body contours and proportion, and ultimately, enhancing your self-image. Liposuction is sometimes called body contouring.
Body contouring surgery can be used to treat stubborn fat pockets in many parts of the body – liposuction could be useful for contouring under the chin, neck, cheeks, upper arms, breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves, and ankle areas. In some cases, liposuction is performed alone, in other cases it is used with plastic surgery procedures such as a facelift, breast reduction, or a tummy tuck.
It is important to know that liposuction is a serious surgical procedure and may involve a painful recovery. As liposuction can have serious or occasionally fatal complications, all potential clients should carefully think about decision to have this surgery.
Despite good health and a reasonable level of fitness, some people may still have a body with disproportionate contours due to localized fat deposits. These areas may be due to family traits rather than a lack of weight control or fitness.
Liposuction – important to know
Liposuction surgery is not a treatment for obesity and is not a replacement for regular exercise and good eating habits.
Liposuction does not remove cellulite, only fat.
People with stubborn areas of fat and who exercise regularly could be best candidates for liposuction.
In general liposuction can be performed on any area of the body. At the same time fat removal surgery is not designed to be a quick-fix for obesity, but is instead intended for use in sculpting and reshaping specific areas. In most cases women find it difficult to lose weight from arms, inner and outer thighs, stomach (or abdomen), hips, buttocks, knees and chin.
But not all women with these problems are good candidates for liposuction. Minimum requirements for liposuction include:
Good overall health;
Firm and/or elastic skin;
Average or only slightly above-average weight;
Concentrated pockets of fat that do not respond well to diet and exercise.
Patients with poor skin quality (cellulite) are not good candidates for liposuction because they may develop skin irregularities due to under- or over-correction of localized fat deposits. Age is generally not a major consideration when discussing liposuction; however, older patients often have less elasticity in their skin and thus may not achieve the same benefits of liposuction that a younger patient with tighter skin might achieve.
Reasons why body contouring can be performed:
Cosmetic reasons, including “love handles,” fat bulges, or an abnormal chin line;
To improve sexual function by reducing abnormal fat deposits on the inner thighs, thus allowing easier access to the vagina;
Body shaping for people who are bothered by fatty bulges or irregularities that cannot be removed by diet and/or exercise.
Liposuction should not be used:
As a substitute for exercise and diet, or as a cure for general obesity. However, it may be used to remove fat from isolated areas at different points in time.
As a treatment for cellulite (the uneven, dimpled appearance of skin over hips, thighs, and buttocks).
In certain areas of the body, such as the fat on the sides of the breasts, because the breast is a common site for cancer.
There are some other alternatives to body contouring including a tummy tuck (abdominoplasty), removal of fatty tumors (lipomas), breast reduction (reduction mammaplasty), or a combination of plastic surgery approaches.
Preparations before procedure
Before body contouring procedure each client should have a special consultation which will include a history, physical exam and some psychological evaluation. Some pre-operation laboratory tests would be done. All issues about body contouring should be discussed during consultation including possible benefits, side effects and risks.
Before the day of surgery, you may have blood drawn and be asked to provide a urine sample. This allows the health care provider to rule out potential complications. If you are not hospitalized, you will need a ride home after the surgery.
Disclaimer: It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for professional advice. Above mentioned information and recommendations are just general and should be adapted to each person according to personal health indicators and status.