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Smoking and ovarian hormones


Is it true that ovarian hormones play important role in nicotine addiction? What is correlation between ovarian hormones and smoking?

ANSWER from experts

Unfortunately despite the valuable progress in the fight against smoking and nicotine addiction over the last decades, many women are still smoking nowadays.

The United States may soon become the first society in history in which more women than men smoke.

It is well known that women are less likely to be able to quit, whether they try on their own or with the help of anti-smoking programs. This appears to be especially true for nicotine replacement therapies (such as nicotine patches or gum), which have helped a greater percentage of men than women.


Smoking and ovarian hormones

Smoking affects ovarian function and decreases the female hormone estrogen which is playing an important role in women reproductive functions (menstrual cycle, fertility, breast development, menopause, etc.)

Scientists discovered that reduced female hormones are responsible for women’s inability to quit smoking. It was noted that during different days of the menstrual cycle women’s ability to quit smoking is different. For example, women before ovulation (first phase of the menstrual cycle) have higher chances to quit smoking than after ovulation.

Several scientific studies demonstrated that smoking can harm reproductive function in women – smoking can trigger menstrual dysfunctions, smoking can create health problems if you use birth control pills, smoking can reduce your fertility and smoking can provoke premature delivery giving birth to low-weight babies.

Earlier you start smoking, earlier you can experience health problems such as:

– Menstrual dysfunction – irregular periods;

– Reduced fertility – infertility;

– Early menopause – osteoporosis;

– Heart problems – heart disease;

– Different types of cancer;

– Short life – premature death.

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